Please make it a high quality pamphlet because my grades depends on…


Please make it a high quality pamphlet because my grades depends on… Image transcription textIX. Assessment DISASTER RISK RESPONSE PAMPHLET Performance Task: Task Description: (Afterdiscussing reading the “Apocalypse”) Create a pamphlet that focuses on Disaster Response ofindividuals and their homes. Your output can be encoded /printed or handwritten (depending on y… … Please make it a high quality pamphlet because my grades depends on this but sadly im bad at arts. So i really asked and beg a help for this one.Here is the possible data to be putted:Dealing with disasters has traditionally focused on emergency response, but as the twentieth century progressed, it became clear that disasters are not natural (even if the associated hazard is), and that the only way to prevent losses and mitigate disaster impacts is to reduce and manage hazard, exposure, and vulnerability. Because we can’t change the severity of natural disasters, the best way to reduce risk is to limit susceptibility and exposure. The underlying drivers of risk, which are particularly related to poor economic and urban development choices and practices, environmental degradation, poverty and inequality, and climate change, which create & exacerbate conditions of hazard, exposure, and vulnerability, must be identified and reduced in order to reduce these two components of risk. Addressing these underlying risk drivers can minimize disaster risk, mitigate the effects of climate change, and, as a result, ensure development’s long-term viability.We must handle risks as well as calamities. Because disaster risk reduction is an important component of long-term development, it must engage all sectors of society, including government, non-governmental organizations, and the professional and private sectors. As a result, it necessitates a people-centered, multi-sector strategy to building resilience to various, cascading, and interacting hazards, as well as the establishment of a prevention and resilience culture. As a result, DRM encompasses tactics that are intended to:avoiding the creation of new dangersPre-existing dangers must be addressed.To avoid disaster losses being absorbed by other development results and causing new poverty, share and spread risk.Although disaster preparedness and response actions are included in DRM, it is about much more than disaster management.DRR is successful when top-down institutional changes and policies are combined with bottom-up, local and community-based approaches. Disasters are a sign of failed or skewed development, unsustainable economic and social processes, and ill-adapted societies, hence DRM programs should not be independent but rather integrated into development planning and practice. The multiple levels of risk (from intense to extensive risk) must be addressed, as well as the underlying risk causes, and approaches must be tailored to local situations. There is no “one-size-fits-all” strategy to catastrophe risk reduction, but there are a number of approaches and frameworks that have been successfully adopted. However, before we can decrease risk, we must first comprehend the dangers, as well as the exposure and vulnerability of people and assets to those dangers.How can we lower the risk?Activities related to disaster risk management include:Preventive activities and actions to reduce the likelihood of existing and new disasters (often less costly than disaster relief and response). Relocating exposed persons and assets away from a hazard region, for example. See this story for more information: Even as homes flood and coasts disintegrate, managed settlement retreat remains a difficult call.MitigationHazards and related calamities are lessened or limited in their negative effects. Building flood defenses, planting trees to stabilize slopes, and enforcing rigorous land use and building construction rules are just a few examples. See this story for more information: Savings from mitigation: For every dollar spent on mitigation, a robust runway at Portland International Airport could save up to $50.TransferAfter a disaster, a household, community, enterprise, or state authority will obtain resources from the other party in exchange for ongoing or compensatory social or financial benefits provided to that other party, formally or informally shifting the financial consequences of particular risks from one party to another. Take, for example, insurance. Developing catastrophe risk finance in Morocco: Leveraging private markets for sovereign risk transfer is a similar story.PreparednessGovernments, professional response and recovery organizations, communities, and individuals’ knowledge and capacities to successfully anticipate, respond to, and recover from the effects of foreseeable, imminent, or current hazard events or situations. Installing early warning systems, determining evacuation routes, and preparing emergency supplies are just a few examples. See this story for more information: The necessity of bushfire preparedness is taught to Australian children in a new Minecraft environment created by NRMA Insurance. These actions and measures are rarely implemented in isolation, and they are usually accompanied by a variety of other activities, such as:Identifying and calculating disaster riskEducation and the advancement of knowledgeEducating people about the dangers they face (awareness raising)DRM should be incorporated into national planning and investment.Institutional and legislative structures need to be strengthened.Providing financial security to people and businesses who are in danger (finance and contingency planning)Integrating DRR into a variety of sectors, such as health, the environment, and so on.Risk-reduction activities can be classified as structural, such as land use planning and building code implementation, or non-structural, such as public awareness, policy-making, and legislation. Risk governance refers to how governments, civil society, and other actors organize DRM, such as through institutional structures, legislation, decentralization, and systems for involvement and responsibility. There is strong evidence that low-income nations with poor governance are more vulnerable to disasters and less resilient to them.DRR reduces risk by enhancing the strengths, qualities, and resources available within a community, society, or organization – collectively referred to as capacity. DRM actions are intended to improve people’s, communities’, society’s, and systems’ ability to resist, absorb, accommodate, recover from, and improve well-being in the face of a variety of hazards. Risk-reduction and risk-management activities can thus be used to increase resilience to other hazards. DRM should thus be integrated across a number of areas, including climate change and conflict, in addition to development.The basis of risk mitigation is identifying and comprehending risk.The core underpinnings of disaster risk management are obviously awareness, identification, comprehension, and measurement of catastrophe hazards (UNISDR, 2015b). Because disaster risk reduction is about making decisions and options, including those that aren’t available, risk information plays a role in five major decision-making areas:Identification of dangersDRM is given a low priority because the damages and losses caused by historical catastrophes are typically not generally understood, and the prospective damages and losses caused by future disasters (including occasional but high-impact events) may not be known at all. When robust risk information is communicated at the correct moment, it can raise awareness and prompt action. See this story for more information: GEM makes available five national and three regional seismic models for public use.lowering the riskHazard and risk data can be used to guide a wide range of risk-reduction efforts, from revising building regulations and constructing risk-reduction measures (such as flood and storm-surge protection) to conducting macro-level assessments of the hazards to various types of structures (for prioritizing investment in reconstruction and retrofitting, for example). 4 approaches to lessen disproportionate flood risk and enhance resilience for all communities is a related story.PreparednessPlanning evacuation routes, constructing shelters, and conducting readiness drills all require a grasp of the affected geographic area, as well as the intensity and frequency of certain hazard events. It is possible to establish detailed and realistic plans for better disaster response, which can ultimately reduce the severity of adverse natural events, by providing a measure of the impact of different hazard events—potential number of damaged buildings, fatalities and injuries, secondary hazards. See also: Indian cities use predictive technologies to prepare for floods.Financial safety netThe finance and insurance industries needed a way to assess the risk of relatively infrequent high-impact natural hazard events, therefore disaster risk analysis was established. Governments are increasingly attempting to manage sovereign financial risk or support programs that manage individual financial hazards (e.g., micro-insurance or household earthquake insurance). See also: Evacuation insurance from a microinsurance firm in the event of a disaster.Reconstruction with tenacityRisk assessment can be useful in impact modeling before an event occurs (for example, in the days leading up to a cyclone) or in providing initial and quick estimates of human, physical, and economic loss in the aftermath of an event. Furthermore, risk information for robust reconstruction must be provided prior to an incident, as there is rarely time to collect the data needed to drive resilient design and land-use plans after an occurrence.It’s difficult to see how or why households, corporations, or governments would invest in reducing risk levels if those who are exposed to hazards are unaware of the dangers they face. While risk awareness is a prerequisite, the value people place on risk management is best appreciated in the context of the complete range of social, economic, territorial, and environmental restrictions and opportunities they confront – see the narrative of Ratnapura and the Chao Phraya River below.We have more than 30 years of catastrophe risk research, but most of it is not in a format that is intelligible or valuable to people who need it the most. As a result, risk scientists and researchers must shift their focus to the creation of risk information that is both comprehensible and practical for various types of users: risk knowledge. More collaboration and collaborations between scientists and researchers and those interested in DRR, spanning from governments to local communities, are required for such a transition.Governments must invest in risk information collection, administration, and distribution, including disaster loss and impact statistics, hazard models, exposure databases, and vulnerability data. Simultaneously, they must establish standards and methods to assure openness and transparency, so that consumers not only have access to the information they require, but also understand the assumptions and limits that underpin it. The provision of accessible and actionable risk information must pay special attention to extensive risk, which may be effectively reduced through risk management and sustainable development methods since it is shaped to a considerable extent by social, economic, and environmental vulnerability.Are we lowering the chance of a disaster?While we have made some progress in reducing disaster mortality associated with intensive risks, increasing exposure of people and economic assets means that mortality and economic losses from extensive risk are on the rise, and absolute global economic losses from disasters are rising, though not relative to GDP. Some low- and middle-income countries may lack the financial resilience to absorb the expected average yearly losses from future disasters, which endanger many small island developing governments’ economic survival.We’ve been producing risk at a greater rate than we’ve been mitigating it. More needs to be done to avoid new dangers from arising as a result of increased urbanization, the threat of climate change, and other risk factors. We are seeing that disasters can result through synchronous breakdowns in an increasingly interconnected society. Development can be long-term; the is whether we can change our ways in time to keep the risk of disaster from rising to hazardous proportions.We’ve made more progress in catastrophe management than in disaster risk reduction. According to the HFA Monitor, tremendous progress has been made in disaster preparedness, response, and early warning capacities, as well as in lowering specific hazards, over the last ten years. When it comes to tackling the underlying risks, however, most governments have made little progress.Despite the fact that we know how to lower disaster risk, there is sometimes a lack of motivation to do so. Individuals, governments, and businesses all seem hesitant to invest in DRM because of low-probability future losses. Despite the enormity of catastrophic costs, risk reduction is frequently seen as a lower priority than fiscal stability, unemployment, or inflation. However, new research shows that disasters have a large opportunity cost, and that many low- and middle-income countries, as well as small island developing states, are financially unable to cope with future disaster losses while preserving their development capability. To put it another way, they are not tenacious.The costs and benefits of catastrophe risk management must be completely integrated into all levels of public and private investment, the financial system, and the design of risk-sharing and social protection mechanisms. Cost-benefit evaluations can be expanded to include the downstream benefits and avoided costs in terms of reduced poverty and inequality, environmental sustainability, economic development, and social progress, as well as the trade-offs implicit in each decision. They can also assist in determining who bears the risks, pays the costs, and reaps the benefits. A comprehensive approach to cost-benefit analysis like this can boost the visibility and appeal of disaster risk mitigation efforts.The good news is that by investing in DRR, we can achieve tremendous things. There are numerous examples of disaster risk reduction success stories, ranging from community-based participatory approaches to worldwide reductions in catastrophe mortality related with intensive hazards. However, we must keep in mind that some DRM techniques may not have an immediate impact. It may take decades for the outcome of improved planning regulations and building standards to translate into reduced disaster losses, as a critical mass of new, risk-sensitive building and urban development has to be achieved.The future of DRR requires that we assess the costs and benefits of DRM, reform risk governance, move from risk information to knowledge and strengthen accountability. You can also add images to make the pamphlet more appealing HUHUHUHU Arts & Humanities Architecture Share (0)

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