Study Guide 1. An abnormal passageway in the skin surface near theanus usually connecting with the rectum is known as a(n) a. anal


Study Guide 1. An abnormal passageway in the skin surface near theanus usually connecting with the rectum is known as a(n) a. anal ulcer c. rectal ulcer b. anal fistula d. anocele2. A condition in which the individual has small, inflammatory, noninfectious, ulcerated lesions occurring on the lips, tongue, and inside the cheeks of the mouth is a. aphthous stomatitis c. chronic polyposis b. pyorrhea d. Crohn’s disease3. A chronic digestive tract inflammation that causes fever, cramping, diarrhea, weight loss, anorexia, and extreme swelling of the bowel and can lead to an obstruction is known as a. chronic polyposis c. a peptic ulcer b. Crohn’s disease d. an intestinal virus4. The portion of the body between the thorax (chest) and the pelvis is known as (the) a. perineum c. abdomen b. omentum d. aphthous stomatitis5. Pigmented or hardened cholesterol stones formed as a result of bile crystallization are known as a. gallstones c. kidney stones b. renal calculi d. lipid stones6. Permanently distended veins in the distal rectum or anus are known as a. rectal polyps c. rectoceles b. hemorrhoids d. rectal phlebitis7. An acute or chronic inflammation of the liver due to a viral or bacterial infection, drugs, alcohol, toxins, or parasites, in which the individual experiences symptoms such as abdominal and gastric discomfort, enlarged tender liver, jaundice, anorexia, and joint pain, is a. stomatitis c. hepatitis b. pancreatitis d. biliary obstruction8. An irregular protrusion of tissue, organ, or a portion of an organ through an abnormal break in the surrounding cavity’s muscular wall is a a. hernia c. calculus b. polyp d. varicosity9. Increased motility of the small or large intestinal wall resulting in abdominal pain, flatulence, nausea, anorexia, and the trapping of gas throughout the intestines is known as a. Crohn’s disease c. intestinal polyps b. irritable bowel syndrome d. anal fistulas 10. A fungal infection in the mouth and throat producing sore, creamy white, slightly raised curdlike patches on the tongue and other oral mucosal surfaces that is caused by Candida albicans is known as a. thrush c. pyorrhea b. oral leukoplakia d. gingivitis11. Which of the following terms means inflammation of the gums? a. cheilitis c. pharyngitis b. glossitis d. gingivitis 12. The surgical creation of a new opening on the abdominal wall through which the feces will be expelled by bringing the incised colon out to the abdominal surface is known as a a. abdominostomy c. colostomy b. colotomy d. fecostomy13. Visualization of the gallbladder through X-ray following the oral ingestion of pills containing a radiopaque iodinated dye is known as a(n) a. oral cholecystography c. cholecystectomy b. fluoroscopy d. oral colography14. The surgical removal of the gallbladder is known as a a. colostomy c. cholectomy b. cystectomy d. cholecystectomy15. The irrigation or washing out of the stomach with sterile water or a saline solution is known as a a. gastric lavage c. saline bath b. coloclysis d. stomatoclysis16. A term to describe the surgical repair of a hernia by closing the defect using sutures, mesh, or wire is known as a a. herniorrhotomy c. herniorrhaphy b. herniorrectomy d. herniopexy17. X-rays of the small intestine taken at timed intervals to observe the progression of a contrast medium, barium sulfate, through the small intestine is known as a. upper GI series c. gastroscopy b. intestinal lavage d. small bowel follow through18. A back flow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus that is often the result of incompetence of the lower esophageal sphincter is known as a. gastroesophageal reflux c. belching b. nausea d. borborygmus19. A thin-walled flexible tube with a telescopic lens and light that is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall to examine or perform minor surgery within the abdominal or pelvic cavities is known as a(n) a. bronchoscope c. pelvimeter b. laparoscope d. otoscope20. An audible abdominal sound produced by hyperactive intestinal peristalsis that can be heard, when listening with a stethoscope, as a rumbling, gurgling, or tinkling sound is known as a. achalasia c. borborygmus b. diverticulitis d. Crohn’s disease Health Science Science Nursing Share (0)

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