THIS IS THE OUTLINE  ACCORDING THIS OUT LINE I WROTE MY ASSIGNMENT. CAN YOU EDIT  MY ASSIGNMENT ACCORDING THIS OUT LINE. WHENYOU EDIT PLES PROVIDE REFERECES Appropriate Use of Health Information( OUT LINE)Introduction Just a reminder that you do not use “Introduction” as a heading with APA 7th edition Importance of confidentiality privacy with information and communication technologies (ICTs)Clients scrutinize personal information to a nurse.  What is the impact on the nurse-client relationship if there are concerns with privacy with ICTs?Promote effective communication amongst the health care team. How are you  relating this to privacy with ICTs?The client’s safety of information is assured.  What is the impact of a breach of privacy with ICTs? . Legislation in AlbertaPublic laws The Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (The FOIP ACT)The Health Information Act (HIA) Private lawsAlberta’s Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA)Federal Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA)  How is this applicable to Alberta?Application of Confidentiality Privacy in your workplace with ICTsNurses sign the privacy and confidentiality act  ??? do they sign acts  Nurses regulatory review the confidentiality documents  ? training and education on privacy with ICTs   ? policies and procedures on privacy  with ICTs in workplacePosters about confidentiality are situated in different regions in the facility. Are they applicable to privacy with ICTs?Communication regarding residents is done through the client’s initials or room number. As per my feedback on your assignment #1, you should refer specifically to ICTs.  What security measures are you using in your workplaces  for ICTs? Utilization of fax cover page – this would be included as one security measureLimiting staff access to only clients, they are directly caring for when using ICTsNursing practitioners gather legal information from the client or family members  How does this relate to practices established in your practice setting to protect privacy of health information with ICTs?A resident’s information can be disclosed only after the verification and confirmation of legal consent Once again, you need to be relating this to ICTsStrengthen practices to protect health information specific to ICTsEducation and training Shared responsibilityAwareness in the work environmentSecure information sharing  MY ESSAYAppropriate Use of Health InformationHealth can be contemplated as the social, physical, and mental well-being of a person without diseases. On the other hand, the data related to a patient’s medical history like outcomes, procedures, diagnoses, and symptoms are referred to as health information. The types of health information include clinical decision support, remote patient monitoring, patient portals, practice management software, and electronic medical records. Therefore, health information is crucial to medical practitioners due to the following. First, the information strengthens the interaction between patients and medical providers, decreases medical errors, increases patient safety, and improves the quality of health care delivery. Second, as can be seen, health information makes evidenced-based decisions on health policy and generate information that enables the decision-makers at different levels of the health system to identify challenges and needs in the system. Thus, the paper seeks to scrutinize why private health information is essential, legal requirements that protect privacy, practices established at Alberta Hospital to safeguard private information. Lastly, the nursing practitioners’ initiatives to strengthen practices to support the protection of health information has also been elaborated. All the above factors are linked to the Information Technology System (ITC).Importance of Confidentiality in Health InformationThis leads to effective treatment of patients.Through confidentiality, the doctors can effectively examine patients’ medical conditions using ITC and give the necessary treatment. To elucidate, patients will disclose private and confidential information to physicians. In return, the physicians will be guided by the information in every treatment procedure they partake in. Contrary, when confidentiality is breached, the patients will not believe in the health care system. As a result, patients will be reluctant to divulge the information, a move that drastically affects treatment.Confidentiality protects the patient’s reputation.Sharing the medical conditions of patients publicly through a network system without their consent is a shameful act that must be circumvented. The action may threaten their reputation, opportunities, and human dignity (Noroozi et al., 2018). For this reason, the medical practitioners can be sued for defamation and their license revoked. However, confidentiality protects the reputation of patients. Breaching the confidentiality act results in severe consequences. Therefore, doctors are advised to keep a record whenever they share confidential information and ask for patients’ consent before sharing information.Confidentiality protects the medical team’s reputation.Confidentiality is a vital tool in protecting the reputation of the medical team. Clients research for the medical team that maintains confidentiality before visiting their hospitals. The ethical medical team ensures that they prevent patient information from being leaked to a third party. Therefore, most facilities take their staff members on confidentiality training to prevent the dissonance between clients and medical practitioners. Through training, the doctors will be able to be up to date with the current laws on confidentiality and address the patients’ needs before any other obligation. As a result, the medical team’s reputation is protected since the trust between clients and the medical team is firmly built. Consequently, hospital facilities must ensure that they safeguard patients’ information in locked cabinets with top security padlocks to improve the medical team’s reputation. Alternatively, they can store the data in computers and create strong passwords which are alphanumeric and contain up to a maximum of eighteen characters.Legislation in Alberta to Protect PrivacyPublic LawsFreedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FOIP) (where did she get it need to be cited the paragraph)The FOIP Act in Alberta protects patients’ information by establishing draconian rules for disclosing or collecting personal information. The law is contemplated as the first access and privacy law in Alberta. The FOIP Act requires a fee structure and a maximum rate to access personal information and public records. Therefore, the FOIP request must be made in writing to be used for future reference. Hence the request copies are obtained from public libraries, local public body and government offices. However, a FOIP breach can occur, which is the unauthorized disclosure of personal information to a third party. The public is advised to report the breach to the commissioner or fill in a privacy breach report form to improve confidentiality. In addition, the ICT regulates matching and sharing by ensuring that there must be the authority to collect information under section 33. In contrast, information can be collected indirectly under section 34 of the draconian law. On the other hand, section 42 must be met for disclosure if entailed for research purposes.The Health Information Act (HIA)In Alberta, the health information act ensures that the medical team, including affiliates, contracted staff, maintains confidentiality by strictly following the guidelines for disclosing health information. However, information communication technology has prevented disclosing patients’ information to the public (Webb, 2019). For instance, Alberta Netcare Access Log details the intruder who accesses the patient’s electronic health records from April 1st, 2006 up to the present date. On the other hand, the pharmaceutical information network details the patient’s prescription from January 1st, 2008, to the present date. Therefore, the report will be retrieved when nurses and doctors disclose the client’s medical prescription to the public.Private LawsAlberta Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA)PIPA deals with the measures that organizations take to protect the personal information which they hold. The circumstances which lead to organizations using personal information are due to the practical purposes necessary to carry out those functions. PIPA provides private sector organizations the authority to use and disclose personal information. However, the Alberta laws stipulate that the information must be collected with consent. Therefore, the organizations are allowed to continue using the information for the intended purpose.For this reason, punishments are given to individuals who deliberately contravenes with PIPA or fail to comply with it. PIPA is concerned about the welfare of the public. For instance, it discloses personal information to the public without consent to persuade them about a labor relation dispute or significant public interest. Labor relation disputes in hospital settings make clients suffer since the medical team could be ignoring their grievances.Federal Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA)PIPEDA applies to the personal health information of employees who work at the federal government. Therefore, PIPEDA includes any personal or factual information that can be recorded or not about an identifiable individual. The information encompasses , evaluation, opinions, blood type, ethnic origin, ID numbers, name, and age of the client. The ICT facilitates the use of electronic documents to protect Canadian citizens’ information. Therefore, electronic means are utilized to record and communicate transactions or information of clients rather than manual paperwork, which are prone to disclosure to the third party.Practice At my work PlaceI currently work at Montfort Hospital(do you need to mention work place). The organization is effectively observing the confidentiality act to protect patients’ information. For instance, ICT has been on the front line to ensure that patient’s information is not leaked to the third party without their consent. Patients visitors are informed to respect the confidential information of patients. The ICT frisks the patients living the hospital to ensure that they do not leave the premises with the client’s documents without their consent.Comprehensive policies and confidentiality agreements have been created in the facility. The policies include, the medical team must view confidential information on secure devices. Furthermore, the devices require fingerprints to be unlocked. Hence the third party will have limited access to the devices. In addition, the devices are locked in secret rooms, which requires face unlocks.On the other hand, the policies stipulate those authorized personnel should only disclose confidential messages to other employees when it is necessary. Otherwise, the information must remain as a secret to a few individuals. In addition, the documents are to be kept in the hospital premises and not to live the building unless the patient is being transferred to another hospital.Electronic information is also encrypted, and databases are safeguarded. The purpose of the procedure is to ensure that the informational technology gurus do not hack into the system. The password to computers that contain confidential information’s in the hospitals are as limited to a few individuals as possible. Moreover, solid alphanumeric passwords are utilized to improve confidentiality. Antivirus software has also been installed on the computers to protect from viruses that destroy the data. Such viruses are harmful to the machines as they can make them misbehave and even open without passwords. Thus, antivirus protection scans the files in the computer for viruses. It also deletes malicious documents, which could be used as a source to retrieve confidential information by hackers.The Montfort Hospital Management Team provides regular ICT training. Security awareness training given by the facility enlightens all the employees about the careless mistakes they frequently make on their computers that could lead to their systems being hacked. For example, sharing the log-ins with third parties pose a security threat to the organization. Thus, the training educates members not to share log-in details with anybody, even the one they think they trust since people can be bought, the severe economic imbalance makes people to be easily bought.Lastly, the organization has introduced an employee monitor software. The software is crucial to the organization as it reduces the risks of intellectual property theft and the risk of data breaches. Thus, the software identifies the malicious insiders or the careless disgruntled. Unfortunately, some medical practitioners could be tempted to hack into the hospital’s computers and steal confidential patients’ information, then sell them to third parties for monetary gains.Strengthen Practices by Nurses to protect Health InformationEducation and TrainingTraining and confidentiality are vital to nursing professionals. Through training and education, nurses practitioners are able to break down barriers to providing quality health care. Clients are entitled to privacy and to limit the level of intrusion by the nurses into their private lives. For this reason, training empowers the nurses about the consequences of leaking patients’ confidential information to the public or unauthorized personnel. However, the kind of training provided is integrated with ICT to enhance the performance skills of the professionals where policies and procedures are all linked to the technology. Shared responsibilityNurses who use the EHR should be accountable for reporting any problems with the system that might jeopardize the safety of its users. “Ensuring safety requires shared responsibility between several entities, including EHR developers and those within the local healthcare organization who are responsible for configuring, implementing, and using them, as well as government regulators who create the policies that govern their design, development, and use,” according to the report (Sitting et al., 2018). Users of the EHR system must engage in safety-related activities in order to prevent usability mistakes, and any errors must be reported through a local or national reporting mechanism.            Awareness in the work environmentNurses must be mindful of their work environment and scenarios in which a client’s confidentiality may be violated. Phone conversations containing customer information, for example, should never be made in public. Any client-care meeting should take place in a private setting. “Conversations, including informal discussions in the corridors, teleconferences, and even team meetings held in public areas constitute a substantial danger to the confidentiality of information,” according to A.H.S. (n.d.).Secure Information SharingConducting a risk assessment of ICT systemsWhen nurses conduct the risk assessment of the ICT system, confidentiality will be enhanced. Analyzing vulnerabilities and potential threats to the ICT system ensures that optimal security is achieved. According to O’Connor (2017), digital platforms can help improve the involvement of nurses in the policy-making process. Therefore, the nurses will determine which kind of information to insert into a different system. The risks of ICT systems include malicious attacks, viruses, spam, human error, software, and hardware failure. Nevertheless, it is the responsibility of nurses to ensure that control is in place to safeguard against security threats.Innovative Problem-Solving Approach to BreachICT enables nurses to have innovative problem-solving approaches to a security breach. The monitoring devices and sound alarm systems protect patients’ information. The devices are connected to the alarm system. Therefore, when the perpetrators attempt to steal confidential patients’ information, they can be easily identified by the nursing practitioners. For this reason, patients’ information will be kept safe, and their trust with the medical professionals will be boosted.Nurses must accept accountability for ensuring privacy and confidentiality at all times. According to CARNA (2011), nurses are also required to act if others inappropriately access or reveal personal or health information of those receiving treatment. There are several actions that may be taken. Nurses’ efforts to develop procedures that protect health information, such as being informed via educating on the need of respecting privacy and confidentiality, sharing responsibilities, and being aware of their working environment, as well as enabling safe information sharingA nurse’s responsibilities include communicating critical information to the multidisciplinary team via a variety of approaches. When nurses convey client information through email, phone, or fax, there are steps that may be followed to ensure confidentiality. When sending faxes, for example, a fax cover can be included; however, when messages need to be left for a phone call, personal information such as health status or lab report data should not be included. Also, double-checking emails before sending, forwarding, or responding to them is a simple effort that can help prevent a data leak.            ConclusionPrivacy of health information is vital to the patient as it provides them with the assurance that their confidential messages will not be disclosed to third parties. Confidentiality in health information leads to effective treatment of patients and protects the medical team and the patient’s reputation. Alberta has established both private and public laws to protect health information. Montfort hospital embraces confidentiality of health information as it boosts the patient’s confidence and trust with the medical team. Lastly, ICT technology has been in the frontline in protecting patients’ information. Hence, the nursing practitioners must integrate the ICT technique with patients’ confidentiality to attain optimal security.    References Noroozi, M., Zahedi, L., Bathaei, F. S., & Salari, P. (2018). Challenges of confidentiality in clinical settings: compilation of an ethical guideline. Iranian journal of public health, 47(6), 875.’Connor, S. (2017). Using social media to engage nurses in health policy development. Journal of nursing management, 25(8), 632-639., T. (2019). Freedom of Information Act 2000 as a Research Tool in the Social Sciences. (this one is not on Athabasca if you want we can find another one)Sittig, D. F., Belmont, E., & Singh, H. (2018). Improving the safety of health information technology requires shared responsibility: It is time we all step up. Healthcare, 6(1), 7-12.                                               Health Science Science Nursing NURS 322 Share (0)

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